An illustrative papyrus exists showing Hua T'o, a famous traditional Chinese surgeon, treating the wounds of the war hero Juan Kung. What is relevant about the portrayed event is that it is the first record of the use of anesthesia to treat wounds. The mixture used by the surgeon as a sedative contains boiled cannabis powder.
In the 5th century, the papermaking technique spread throughout Asia and then to the rest of Europe, where it was implemented in a common way for a couple more centuries.
In India, Kasajistan, and Nepal, they produced flours, food grains, and oils with very little acidity. Cannabis in India had mainly spiritual uses. Even today, it is sacred to Kali, the goddess of transmutation.
In the third century it was a basic material for making clothes, ropes and textiles in ancient Rome. In addition to its recreational use being socially accepted, it was recommended by the emperor's physician, Galen, to alleviate political tensions during meetings.
The spread of Christianity contributed to its decline in use, as it was considered a pagan herb. Pope Innocent VIII declared the use of cannabis sacrilegious, since only "witches" used it and it was considered a matter of the devil.
Until the 9th century, gradually leaving behind the Catholic obscurantism, the recreational use of hashish from Africa was resumed very discreetly in France.
Use in modernity
In Europe during the 19th century, smoking hashish in a hooka was a well-regarded aspect among the intellectual guild. Théophile Gautier, Charles Baudelaire, Alexandre Dumas, Gérard de Nerval were some of the intellectual and cultural consumers of the time. Likewise, it is known that Queen Victoria of England consumed hashish jam to relieve the pain of menstruation.